townland
Achadh an Chairn
genitive: Achadh an Chairn
(Irish)
Summerhill or Aghnaharna
(English)

Glossary

achadh, -ach
English field
English cairn, pile of rocks

Explanatory note

  • Gaeilge

    the field of the cairn

    Ar theorainn thoir an bhaile fearainn seo tá sruthán beag (féach 1608 ‘the glen of Glanbarrowe’ faoi bf Baile Uí Mhaonaigh (#28617)), a dtéann an bóthar ón tSráidbhaile trasna ar an teorainn thuaidh. D’fhéadfaí áth “ford”, a mbeadh fuaim -ch /x/ ina dheireadh i gcanúint na háite, a chur san áireamh mar aicmitheoir dá bharr. Measaimid mar sin féin gur fearr a oireann an fhianaise le achadh “field” — thairis sin ní fios cé acu is sine an bóthar nó an t-ainm.

    D’oirfeadh Achadh an Charna (malairt foirme de ghinideach uatha < carn) don fhianaise chomh maith céanna — cf. bf, par Áth Charna (#27760). Ní dócha ar aon chuma go mbéarlófaí Achadh na hAirne “the field of the sloes” mar 1660c ‘Aghancharrin’ (féach 1838 ‘Ach na h-airnídh’ ag Ó Donnabháin).

    Ainmneacha stairiúla:

    1. Díol spéise ainm an phortaigh mhóir a bhfuil rian de le feiscint, mar thalamh lochach, ar léarscáil www.epa.ie sna bailte fearainn bf Ráth Liag (#28615) agus bf An Doire (#28489) ní fada soir ó dheas uaidh seo .i. 1608 ‘a moor called Monecharin … Monacharan’ < Móin an Chairn “the bog(land) of the cairn” (CPR 113a).
    2. Cf. freisin an mionainm 1551 ‘Rahynenenarran’, 1568 ‘Rathenenarren’, 1608 ‘Rathuneran’ < Ráithín na nAirne (?) “the (little) ring-fort of the sloes”, sa chuid sin de bf Ráth Liag (#28615) a ghobann isteach i bparóiste Shrúbh Bó, teorantach leis an mbaile fearainn seo laisteas.

Centrepoint

53.0279, -7.27839 latitude, longitude
Irish Grid (with letter)
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Irish Grid (without letter)
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Irish Transverse Mercator (ITM)
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Historical references

1660c
Aghancharrin
BSD (La) Leathanach: 94
1713
Aghanaharna
s.n. John Baldwin
Leighlin Wills Leathanach: 36
1765
Aghanharan
CGn. Imleabhar: 242, Leathanach: 108, Uimhir: 155934
1767
Summerhill
s.n. Alice Baldwin
Leighlin Wills Leathanach: 36
1805
Summer Hill
Cahill Co. Map:AL Leathanach: LA012,3
1805
Summer hill
Cahill (La)
1811
Aughnaharna
CGn. Imleabhar: 636, Leathanach: 174, Uimhir: 436577
1812
Summer-hill
Leet II Leathanach: 221
1817
Aughnaharna now called and known by the name of Summer Hill
CGn. Imleabhar: 720, Leathanach: 521, Uimhir: 492457
1838
Aughnaharnagh or Summer Hill
BS:AL Leathanach: LA012,3
1838
Aghnahary
HCSV:AL Leathanach: LA012,3
1838
Ach na h-airnídh, 'field of the sloes'
OD:AL Leathanach: LA012,3
1838
Agh na harney
pl:AL Leathanach: LA012,3
1838
Aghnaharna or Summerhill
OC (corr.):AL Leathanach: LA012,3
2005
aknəˈharnə
Áit.

Please note: Some of the documentation from the archives of the Placenames Branch is available here. It indicates the range of research contributions undertaken by the Branch on this placename over the years. It may not constitute a complete record, and evidence may not be sequenced on the basis of validity. It is on this basis that this material is made available to the public.

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