townland
Ráth Mhaoilis
genitive: Ráth Mhaoilis
(Irish)
Rathmiles
(English)

Glossary

ráth, ráith
English ring-fort

Hierarchy

county

barony

civil parish

Explanatory note

  • Gaeilge

    the ring-fort of the derelict enclosure?
    maoilis < maol + lios

    Ní dóigh linn gurb é an t-ainm pearsanta Mílis (< Miles na nAngla-Normannach) atá sa cháilitheoir anseo (cf. bf Ráth Laoisigh “the ring-fort of Laoiseach” lena ais laistiar), mar gur cosúil go gcuireann na foirmeacha stairiúla m-leathan in iúl. (Féach an chodarsnacht idir seo agus 1624 ‘Ballymeelish alias Ballyvillis’, 1655 ‘Ballyvielis’ < bf Baile Mhílis (#28717) i gClann Donncha.) Sin é a thugann orainn an comhfhocal maoilis < maol “bald, derelict” + lios a mholadh (cf. bf Maoilis (#30586) i Luimneach). Tá cur síos san Fhardal Seandálaíochta ar an imfhálú (www.archaeology.ie).

    Maidir le struchtúr an logainm, cf. bf Ráth Lis “the ring-fort of the enclosure” (#27752) i gCuileannach (tá cuma an athluaiteachais air sa lá atá inniu ann, ach féach www.dil.ie s.vv. 2 ráth, ráith agus 2 les).

    Mionainmneacha ar an léarscáil:

    1. 1802 ‘Rathmiles or Windmill Hill’, 1841 Windmill Hill SO (féach faoi bf Baile Briotáis (#28286).

    Ainmneacha stairiúla:

    1. In oirthuaisceart an bhaile fearainn seo agus, is cosúil, isteach in bf Ballycarroll a bhí an áit darbh ainm 1518 ‘Pollagh Balnoy 20 acres’ Kildare Rental (cuid de ‘Gaydonsland’), 1540c ‘villata de la Pollagh 20 acres’ Crown Survey , 1568/9 ‘Pullaghballenowe’ F, 1575 ‘Le Pollagh de le Newton, alias Pollaghballinowe?’ JKAS 339, 1582 ‘Pullaghballenowe’ F, 1617 ‘Pollaugh, a half plowland; occupier, Owen O’Beghan; lying east from the said land of Rathlish and Rathmolis; and meareth south upon the land of Ballynowlorde’ Inq. (Fitzgerald) (cf. 1805 ‘Bally Knowlard’ Cahill léirithe thuas ar Windmill Hill SO; 1617 ‘Ballecharrelle and Derrinifinsin … lying north from the said town of Pollaugh’ Inq. (Fitzgerald)), 1666 ‘Poulagh alias Carrolsby’ ASE 84, 1695 ‘Powlags’ Inq. Lag. < An Pollach “the place of holes” < Pollach an Bhaile Nua “the Pollach of An Baile Nua” an leagan fada de — ainm eile ar an mbaile caisleáin in bf (#28503) ab ea An Baile Nua. Féach Pollach eile faoi bf Cúil an tSúdaire (#28602). Ainm comónta cois na bportach sa dá bharúntacht thuaidh seo is ea pollach “place of holes”.

Centrepoint

53.1307, -7.15436 latitude, longitude
Irish Grid (with letter)
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Irish Grid (without letter)
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Irish Transverse Mercator (ITM)
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Historical references

1552
Ramyles
F Leathanach: 933
1564
Rath[moyles]
F Áit foilsithe: 596
1570
Rathmoyles
F Leathanach: 1654
1575
Rathmilers
Ex, Inq. 192 Eliz. I
JKAS Imleabhar: IV, Leathanach: 339
1617
Rathmolis
Inq. Lag. Leathanach: 6 J I
1618
Rathmoiles
CPR Leathanach: 390
1666
Rathmiller alias Rathmines
ASE Leathanach: 84
1666
Rathwillis
ASE Leathanach: 84
1695
Rathmiles al' Rathmine
Inq. Lag. Leathanach: 4 G III
1695
Rathmiles al' Rathmine
Inq. Lag. Leathanach: 4 G III
1695
Rathmills
Inq. Lag. Leathanach: 4 G III
1733
Rathmiles
CGn. Imleabhar: 78.25.52858
1814
Rathmiles
Par. Stat. Imleabhar: I, Leathanach: 548
1838
Ráth Mílis, 'Myles fort'
OD:AL Leathanach: La041,36
1838
Rathmiles
OD:AL Leathanach: La041,36
1838
[Rathmiles]
"'Rathmiles Fort,' a large rath, is situated near to the parish church."
Desc. Rem.:AL Leathanach: La041,36
1838
Rathmiles
BS:AL Leathanach: La041,36
1838
Rathmiles or Windmill Hill
[1802]
Vestry Bk.:AL Leathanach: La041,36
1838
Rathmolis
Inq. J I:AL Leathanach: La041,36
1838
Rathmiles al' Rathmine, Rathmills, Rathmiles
Inq. G III:AL Leathanach: La041,36
1838
Rathmiles
[Rev. Warburton]
Warburton Map 1701:AL Leathanach: La041,36
2005
ratˈməilz
Áit.

Please note: Some of the documentation from the archives of the Placenames Branch is available here. It indicates the range of research contributions undertaken by the Branch on this placename over the years. It may not constitute a complete record, and evidence may not be sequenced on the basis of validity. It is on this basis that this material is made available to the public.

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